For many graduating college seniors, the joy and excitement of commencement quickly morphs into concerns about longer-term finances and job prospects.
There are positive trends happening–such as the recent announcement from the U.S. Department of Labor that the national unemployment rate dropped to 4.4 percent, the lowest level in more than a decade.
However, many students are still uneasy about the future, reeling from the stress of the student loan process–and concerns about paying them off.
Insights from Graduating Seniors
To learn more, Barnes & Noble College recently conducted a national survey of college students graduating in the spring or summer of 2017.
Following are insights we uncovered relevant to colleges, universities and other organizations supporting the college student population.
Plans – and emotions – vary
While more than half of respondents plan to work at a full-time job (57 percent) or serve in the military (two percent), survey results showed a wide variety of post-graduation plans. Unsurprisingly, in the current gig economy, many graduating seniors will pursue multiple paths at the same time. Just over one-third (36 percent) are enrolling in a graduate or professional degree program. Twenty-one percent will be interning, 13 percent are taking time off to figure out what’s next and six percent will work for a non-profit organization. Close to 15 percent of respondents will travel, domestically and/or internationally. And, one or more of these paths likely will overlap with working a part-time job for some graduating seniors (21 percent).
How were these graduating seniors feeling about entering the current job market? It’s complicated. Respondents had the option to select multiple emotions, and they made use of it. They were just as likely to say that they were apprehensive as optimistic, at 43 percent for both. Likewise, about one-third indicated that they were feeling discouraged, while close to a third shared that they were enthusiastic. Just 24 percent felt confident – and 10 percent felt angry. It’s a full range of emotions that reflect the uncertainty many graduating seniors experience.
Salary takes center stage
These seniors had many concerns about their life after graduation, spanning the full range from finances to careers to simply managing adult responsibilities. “Earning enough money,” however, topped the list – by far. More than two-thirds (68 percent) expressed this concern, followed by “difficulty finding a job.” And, almost half specifically cited student loans as a concern. Less than a third of graduating seniors expressed other, more general life worries, such as relocating and adjusting to living in a new place, difficulty making friends and lack of a safety net.
In this finance-focused context, it’s not surprising that salary emerged as the most valued attribute in a post-graduation job. Salary trumped both contributing to the greater good (34 percent) and prestige (eight percent). And, most graduating seniors were not feeling optimistic about what their salary will be: 60 percent expected that their actual salary would fall short of their goal. Right around one-third expected their salary to match their goal, and only a fortunate six percent anticipated that their salary would be greater than their goal. In terms of actual dollar figures, the median expected salary across all respondents was $40,000 – a $5,000 deficit from the median goal salary of $45,000.