Education as an industry has undeniably missed the change cycle. Today’s higher education system is based on foundations that were built centuries ago for a country fundamentally different from the one we live in today. Historically, higher education existed to train the clergymen in subjects that many today consider to be “intellectual nice-to-haves.” Over time, the shift in U.S. population demographics resulted in a need for specialized, almost vocational training programs; however, universities were not able to make that shift.

University tuition has become more expensive, the curricula less useful, and high-paying jobs less accessible for today’s college graduates.

In our lifetimes, we will see three major shifts in the U.S. higher education system:

1. The demise of many ineffective, traditional, four-year universities programs.
2. Increased accountability among traditional higher education survivors.
3. The rise of mainstream alternative education platforms (in person and online).

Public funding for higher education in the United States is gradually decreasing. Overall state funding for public colleges in the 2017 school year was nearly $9 billion below its 2008 level (after adjusting for inflation). As states sponsor less and less, these institutions are forced to find other ways to survive. More often than not, this means increasing tuition. However, increased tuition, thus far at least, has come without a higher quality of education and more successful career outcome metrics. Schools that cannot create positive return-on-investment (ROI) career outcomes for students will close.

(Next page: How will higher ed rebuild itself?)

About the Author:

Abhi Ramesh is a co-founder of the Horizons School of Technology, a modern technology university designed to help students launch careers in software engineering. Prior to Horizons, he co-founded Altair Prep, an adaptive learning platform for K-12 standardized testing. He is a self-taught programmer.