9 student observations about online learning

A global pandemic can change learning, but it can’t stop it–and during a virtual EDUCAUSE conference session, educators heard directly from students how to best meet student needs during online learning.

Moderated by Kate Miffitt, director for innovation in California State University’s Office of the Chancellor, and with questions led by Michael Berman, chief information officer with California State University’s Office of the Chancellor, the discussion covered student engagement, mental health and well-being, online course structure, and much more.

Related content: COVID remains detrimental to student mental health

“While it’s important for those of us in IT and leadership to get together and talk about what we’re doing, sometimes we don’t get enough opportunities to listen to the voice of the students,” Berman said.

1. Focus on accessibility during online learning.

“The best thing, overall, is accessibility,” said Daniel Izarraras, a faculty instructional technology services student assistant at San Diego State University. “We have all the resources there, and [SDSU] helps with accommodations like hotspots and laptops.”

2. Acknowledge differences in time zones–and states and countries of residence.

“Penn State worked really fast to adapt to online classes. …I’d say that sometimes, with international students like me, it’s hard to attend classes when you’re in a different time zone. [You can] watch Zoom recordings, but if questions come up during class–that’s an issue we’re trying to solve,” said Laura Gil Ortiz, a tech TA and tech tutor with Penn State.

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2021 could be worse for colleges

Colleges are now starting to calculate the full costs of the coronavirus, including the fallout from declining enrollments and rising operating costs, the Chronicle of Higher Education reports.

At places like Ithaca College, the impact of the pandemic is accelerating plans for major cuts in faculty jobs and academic programs. Beginning this spring, the college will begin to cut nearly a quarter of its 547 faculty members, said La Jerne T. Cornish, Ithaca’s provost.

 

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Wiley Education Services Adds Four New University Partners

Wiley Education Services, part of John Wiley and Sons Inc., announced the signing of several new university partnerships this year including Calvin University, La Trobe University, Methodist University and University of New Haven, to support more than 45 undergraduate and graduate online programs across a variety of high-demand disciplines from healthcare to counseling and cybersecurity.

“We are continuing to see an increased, proactive commitment to strategic online learning programs from universities, not for emergency support amid COVID-19, but to promote long-term success,” said Todd Zipper, President of Wiley Education Services. “We look forward to serving as a trusted partner to each university, delivering top-quality faculty training and career-focused education in subject areas that are critically needed now and will surely be essential to post-pandemic recovery.”

Calvin University

Calvin University, located in Grand Rapids, Michigan, has signed with Wiley to deliver 13 graduate and undergraduate degree programs over the course of the partnership in subjects including education, business, public health, exercise science and psychology. The first program, a master’s in education (M.Ed.) with concentrations in both literacy and inclusion specialist, launched in the fall of 2020. Calvin University will take advantage of Wiley’s full suite of offerings including marketing, recruitment, retention and academic services.

“We are reaching out with our unique mission and vision to new learning communities across the globe,” Kevin R. den Dulk, Associate Provost and head of the Global Campus at Calvin University. “We see the partnership with Wiley as a way to complement our strengths in undergraduate education by introducing our distinctive approach to faith and learning to working adults and other learners. The opportunity has been energizing and fruitful, even in this time of great disruption.”

La Trobe University

La Trobe University, in Melbourne, Australia, has partnered with Wiley to initially launch five redeveloped graduate programs in public health, mental health, mental health nursing, health administration and business administration. The first four programs are set to launch on March 1, 2021. La Trobe will maintain responsibility for the academic development and delivery of these programs, with Wiley providing online education design support to the university’s academic staff, as well as some student recruitment and additional faculty support.

“Our ambition to be a leading provider of online higher education has been further enhanced with this exciting new partnership with Wiley, which will offer even greater choice and flexibility for our postgraduate students who want to study online,” Professor John Dewar AO, Vice-Chancellor Professor at La Trobe University said. “While the COVID-19 pandemic has necessarily accelerated the uptake of online study, our ambition, for some time, has been to provide a greater range of high-quality online courses that provide an exceptional experience and respond to student need. This new partnership will help fulfil that goal.”

Methodist University

Methodist University, located in Fayetteville, North Carolina, will engage with Wiley for a suite of 21 programs, with the first five programs set to launch in January 2021. Program disciplines include business, healthcare, exercise science, social work, criminal justice, education, technology and psychology. Wiley will support Methodist University across marketing, recruitment, student support and academic services.

“The partnership with Wiley certainly helps promote Methodist as a top-tier university with a great reputation for helping undergraduate, degree-completion and graduate students advance their educations and careers,” said Dr. Suzanne Blum Malley, Provost at Methodist University. “MU offers the same high-quality faculty and instruction online as it does with in-person courses, and Wiley walks alongside our enrollment teams to get that message out to prospective students.”

University of New Haven 

University of New Haven, located in West Haven, Connecticut, has partnered with Wiley to launch at least six graduate programs in esports business, accounting, healthcare administration, public health, counseling and cybersecurity – the first of which are launching in January 2021. Wiley’s services will be focused on supporting the full student journey, including marketing, recruitment, student retention services, and program design and development.

“The University of New Haven is widely recognized for leading-edge graduate programs across its five colleges,” said Dr. Mario Gaboury, Interim Provost at University of New Haven. “We are excited to expand our highly regarded online graduate offerings through our relationship with Wiley,” he said, “and we anticipate that these new programs will bring opportunities for growth and professional advancement to graduate students across the nation and beyond.”

With nearly 70 university partnerships, and four in the last eight months, Wiley Education Services is supporting both the rapid shift to online as well as meeting the steady demand from academic institutions to diversify their online offerings.

For more information, please visit www.edservices.wiley.com/why-partner.

About Wiley Education Services

Wiley Education Services, a division of Wiley, is a leading, global provider of technology-enabled education solutions to meet the evolving needs of universities, corporations, and ultimately, learners. We partner with nearly 70 institutions across the U.S., Europe and Australia, and support over 800-degree programs. Our best-in-class services and market insights are driven by our deep commitment and expertise—proven to elevate enrollment, retention and completion rates. For more information, visit edservices.wiley.com.

About Wiley

Wiley drives the world forward with research and education. Through publishing, platforms and services, we help students, researchers, universities, and corporations to achieve their goals in an ever-changing world. For more than 200 years, we have delivered consistent performance to all of our stakeholders. The Company’s website can be accessed at www.wiley.com.

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Visitu Launches COVID-19 Wellness Features

Visitu LLC, a software company with a mission to inspire organizations to improve and simplify campus safety from one platform, today announced its launch of wellness features as part of the comprehensive SafeCampus platform. It is designed to be customizable for organizations to create their own wellness survey and automate reminders to their students and staff to complete before coming to campus, helping to keep campuses COVID-19 free and in compliance with the CDC recommendations.

“During these unprecedented times, we are aware of the importance of protecting your faculty, students, and employees throughout the unforeseeable future,” stated Visitu Co-Founder Aaron Larkins. “Visitu’s first-priority safety gives you ease and comfort through our wellness screening features to help your campus stay open and safe.”

Visitu’s flexible iPad-based campus safety platform allows the software to be rapidly deployed at any campus without having to install any software on your local PCs or servers. As a service offering, Visitu’s team manages the platform so that once configured, your local team can just focus on using Visitu to safeguard your campus, so school administrators and educators can put students first.

Visitu’s Wellness Features Key Benefits:

Wellness Screening – Customize your own wellness surveys for simple daily health checks.
Touch-Free Check In – Safe, secure, and super simple, Visitu allows for completely touch-free visitor check-in upon entrance.
Contact Tracing – Accurately trace all students, staff, and visitors and their exact location during a specific time.
Digital Agreements – Easily require a visitor’s signature regarding policies at your campus.
Capacity Management – Ensure only a set amount of visitors may be on campus at a time.

These affordable features can be set up in the Visitu system quickly so campuses can begin protecting staff and students and stay open and safe. To schedule a demo or learn more about Visitu’s Wellness Features, visit Visitu.com/Welcome.

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Innovox Introduces Synergy Connect

The Synergy Connect soundbar solution ensures both students and teachers will be heard clearly and effortlessly while using the Barco weConnect learning platform. No more struggling to understand the curriculum. By combining a high-frequency ribbon driver, two mid-bass drivers and a five-inch low-frequency driver, with DSP plus processing power, Synergy Connect guarantees comprehension of every syllable spoken.

Each Synergy Connect is made to match the dimensions of your displays, while providing an extra wide camera pocket large enough to house two USB pan-tilt-zoom cameras. The speaker modules can be adjusted to angle up or down depending on placement (above, below or in-between displays) to provide optimal pairing of audio and video.

“People were asking us for a higher performing solution to accompany the new Barco weConnect virtual classroom,” explains CEO and Founder of Innovox, Chris Oswood. “We developed Synergy Connect as a higher-quality solution to maximize intelligibility and clarity at the close distance the presenter is from the screens.”

For more information visit about Synergy Connect or Innovox Audio click here. For more information on the Barco weConnect platform, please visit https://www.barco.com/en/page/products/weconnect.

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Wellfleet teams up with binx health to keep students safe and campuses

Wellfleet Insurance has teamed up with binx health to offer college clients access to easy at-home/in-dorm sample collection for COVID-19 testing using binx’s enterprise solutions for population health screening.

‘binx boxes’ are showing up in dorm rooms of thousands of students on Wellfleet’s college client campuses, offering school officials a quick, easy way to test a campus population, with oversight and test ordering by onsite university clinicians.

The model amplifies the power and reach of university administration in their efforts to test, track and trace the COVID-19 infection status among student, faculty, staff, and vendors. Students “activate” binx boxes online, complete sample collection in their dorms or at home, then drop off completed kits at centralized locations for lab processing. Results are rapid, often under 24 hours from sample receipt.

Wellfleet, one of the nation’s leading student health insurance carriers, worked with binx on behalf of client colleges and universities to deliver a first-of-kind platform that makes population testing a reality for the nation’s college campuses.

binx’s testing platform offers a unique, modular approach enabling tailored rollout and customized deployment based on university population needs. Serving as a “digital hub,” binx enables seamless linking of patients to university administration via clinician ordering tools, global logistics, at-home/in-dorm sample collection, viral trend analysis and reporting, rapid lab testing, contact tracing, and live customer service and support—all offered at an affordable, per-test fee by the university.

“As a health plan built exclusively for the student population, we know the unique challenges our client college administrators face,” said Drew DiGiorgio, Wellfleet’s President & CEO. “As clients face additional expenses with testing, we saw the need to help them find a fast, efficient, accurate, and cost-effective option.”

binx’s deployment in COVID-19 was adapted from its innovative platform for sexually-transmitted infections, which also serves the college health community with similar tools.

“The best healthcare solutions are convenient, motivate patients to act, and provide valuable insights to those on the frontlines of care,” said Jeff Luber, binx President and CEO. “To achieve those objectives, schools need tailored, technology-driven testing solutions that reach students and faculty where they live and work to keep in-person learning a reality.”

In addition to introducing clients to tailored COVID-19 testing solutions, Wellfleet has also adapted policies to help members, including helping to ensure student members aren’t saddled with out-of-pocket costs related to COVID-19, and enhanced coverage for telemedicine visits.

 

About Wellfleet
Wellfleet Insurance is a Berkshire Hathaway company focused on delivering customer-centric insurance solutions through flexible product offerings and quality service. With an A++ financial strength rating from A.M. Best, Wellfleet’s goal is to protect people against risk throughout every stage of life — from grade school to college, the workplace, and beyond.

Headquartered in Springfield, Mass., Wellfleet was founded in 1993 and is one of the leading providers of health and accident insurance products to the higher education market. Additionally, Wellfleet’s Workplace division delivers high-quality, customizable benefit solutions through a suite of voluntary products, including Accident, Critical Illness and Short-Term Disability Income insurance. For more information, visit www.wellfleetinsurance.com

Wellfleet is the marketing name used to refer to the insurance and administrative operations of Wellfleet Insurance Company, Wellfleet New York Insurance Company, and Wellfleet Group, LLC. All insurance products are administered or managed by Wellfleet Group, LLC. Product availability is based upon business and/or regulatory approval and may differ among companies.

About binx

binx health brings rapid, accurate and convenient infectious disease testing, including COVID-19, to people where they live, work and shop. We work with large corporate partners and institutions to keep populations healthy and businesses and schools open. Our solutions broaden access to care for millions. Our point-of-care io platform puts central-lab quality testing solutions in the hands of clinicians everywhere, including the rapidly expanding ecosystem of retail health. Our suite of medically guideline-driven, at-home testing solutions bring high quality testing and population health tools and digital integration capability to large corporate partners and those unable to visit a clinic location. Our FDA cleared io platform is the first ever point-of-care tool for the detection of chlamydia and gonorrhea that provides central lab performance results  in about thirty minutes. Our platform is highly flexible, easy-to-use AND RAPID, offering molecular point-of-care answers at central-lab quality performance and for the first time ENABLING SINGLE VISIT TEST AND TREATMENT. We are currently expanding the platform COVID-19 testing combining our proprietary electrochemical detection with CRISPR methods. We are building solutions designed for the future of healthcare that lies at the nexus of testing convenience, rigorous science, and strong consumer relationships.

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Higher Digital Launches its Culture Assessment to Measure Higher Education Institutions

Higher Digital, a leader in helping higher education institutions drive actionable change, launches a data-driven Culture Assessment that can measure an institution’s cultural-readiness for digital transformation. The Culture Assessment is complimentary and available to any employee at any institution.

“Our new Culture Assessment allows institutions to gauge their cultural-readiness and chart a path forward that enables them to keep pace with the new age of digital learning and improve student experiences.”

Recognizing that an institution’s cultural alignment is a critical success factor in digital transformation initiatives, Higher Digital releases the assessment tool to help institutions better understand their culture in the context of a digital world, benchmark themselves against other institutions, and identify priorities for adjusting their culture to embrace strategic change.

“Digital transformation is more than just integrating and upgrading digital technology or moving to the cloud. It requires a cultural alignment that prioritizes and enables such activities to be enacted quickly and successfully,” said Wayne Bovier, CEO of Higher Digital. “Our new Culture Assessment allows institutions to gauge their cultural-readiness and chart a path forward that enables them to keep pace with the new age of digital learning and improve student experiences.”

Higher Digital’s Culture Assessment will help institutions of all sizes, complexity, and stages of digital maturity understand how they score relative to best practices in higher education culture. Features include:

  • Determine the cultural readiness for digital transformation across 3 dimensions (organization, operations, and technology).
  • Quickly prioritize the most important improvement areas to increase chances for digital transformation success.
  • Benchmark results across the industry on cultural aspects of digital transformation.
  • Build awareness of cultural readiness for digital transformation across the institution.

This Culture Assessment is the fourth in a series of assessments that Higher Digital has created for higher education institutions. Earlier this year, Higher Digital collaborated with the Distance Education Accrediting Commission (DEAC) to launch an Accreditation-Readiness Assessment that evaluates distance education capabilities and provides insight to develop an improvement plan. The Culture Assessment is available now, alongside other assessments for digital transformation success, here.

About Higher Digital

Higher Digital is a digital transformation management company that provides consulting, software, and data benchmarking tools to significantly reduce the time and cost for higher education executives to assess, plan, and measure their technology strategies. Higher Digital’s corporate headquarters is located in Tysons Corner, Virginia, and the company’s European office is located in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. For more information, please visit higher.digital.

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WWU Foundation and WWU Alumni Association Modernize Constituent Engagement with Ellucian

Ellucian, the leading provider of software and services built to power higher education, today announced that the Western Washington University Foundation (WWU Foundation) and the WWU Alumni Association have launched Ellucian CRM Advance to support its fundraising, alumni engagement and advancement efforts.

Ellucian CRM Advance will provide both the Alumni Association and Foundation with powerful, cloud-based automation tools and reporting capabilities that allow advancement staff to execute more informed, targeted, and effective engagement campaigns. Introduced internally as ‘WAVE’ (Western Advancement Vikings Engaged), the solution delivers integrated, data-based insights to cultivate and develop stronger relationships with targeted audiences.

“In today’s crowded fundraising environment, modern CRMs are simply a must in order to provide the customized engagement our constituents have grown to expect.  Now, COVID-19 has fundamentally changed the way we work making the capabilities of CRM Advance even more critical to our operations than ever before,” said Mark Brovak, Chief Operating Officer for University Advancement; Vice President and CFO of WWU Foundation. “The Ellucian team has gone above and beyond to help us identify and implement the right solution to not only enable success today, but also support our future advancement efforts as we continue to ‘Make Waves’ at Western.”

“Western Washington University’s team embraced the challenge of introducing a new system during the COVID-19 pandemic, leading an extraordinary change effort to build enthusiasm, awareness and adoption,” said Ellucian Associate Vice President of Advancement, Beth Brenner. “With ongoing uncertainty about the future, the work done by advancement teams to foster meaningful relationships between universities and their constituents is more important than ever. CRM Advance will unlock insights and operational efficiencies ultimately helping WWU develop deeper , long-lasting community partnerships.”

CRM Advance will integrate with Ellucian Banner, the university’s enterprise resource planning (ERP) software, to maintain continuity while providing the advancement team with streamlined dashboards, smart data exchange and powerful reporting capabilities. By enabling open integration with third-party systems via Ellucian Ethos, WWU Foundation and WWU Alumni Association can create more targeted and personalized campaigns that further encourage increased engagement and donor activity.

COVID-19 Resources from Ellucian 

As institutions, educators, students, and staff face great change and disruption during the coronavirus outbreak, those who serve higher education are working together to help continue the delivery of vital services and ongoing education to students everywhere.

In support of our customers, partners, and the higher education community, Ellucian is continually updating available resources, including webinars, articles and community discussions on business continuity, the CARES Act, online learning, student well-being and more.

About Ellucian

Ellucian is the market leader charting the digital future of higher education with a portfolio of cloud-ready technology solutions and services. From student recruitment to workforce analytics; from fundraising opportunities to alumni engagement; Ellucian’s comprehensive suite of data-rich tools gives colleges and universities the information they need to lead with confidence.

Working with a community of more than 2,700 customers in over 50 countries, Ellucian keeps innovating as higher education keeps evolving. Drawing on its comprehensive higher education business acumen and suite of services, Ellucian guides its customers through manageable, sustainable digital transformation—so that every type of institution and student can thrive in today’s fast-changing landscape. To find out what’s next in higher education solutions and services, visit Ellucian at www.ellucian.com.

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LenelS2 Announces Interface Between OnGuard Access Control System and DMP Intrusion Detection Systems

LenelS2 today announced an interface between the OnGuard® physical access control system and the DMP XR550 and XR550E intrusion detection systems. The interface expands functionality, increases compliance in highly regulated markets and greatly simplifies the administration and deployment experience. LenelS2, a global leader in advanced security systems and services, is a part of Carrier Global Corporation (NYSE: CARR), a leading global provider of healthy, safe and sustainable building and cold chain solutions.

“The DMP interface expands the OnGuard system’s built-in, real-time intrusion detection capabilities, providing end users with an outstanding option for monitoring and controlling alarms,” said Ryan Kaltenbaugh, vice president, Vertical Market Solutions, LenelS2. “Having a native interface with DMP also helps OnGuard system users better meet the stringent requirements and policies in highly regulated vertical markets, including the U.S. federal government.”

Leveraging the new interface, the OnGuard platform can now centrally manage and link cardholders with users for both systems minimizing manual and redundant input of user profile information. Additionally, the interface provides command and control of the DMP-monitored areas, zones and devices within the DMP panels. OnGuard users will now be able to easily arm and disarm the system as well as quickly see all alarm events within the OnGuard interface.

“At DMP it’s all about our customers and the integrity of our products. This interface with the OnGuard system provides our joint customers with an improved experience,” said Mark Hillenburg, vice president, Marketing at DMP. “From a simplified setup and programming process to enhanced management capabilities, this new interface is a game changer, and we are thrilled with the advancement.”

The interface was developed by the LenelS2 Advanced Services team and covers the DMP XR550 and XR550E intrusion detection systems, the flagship in DMP’s line of products.

For more information, visit LenelS2.com.

 

 About LenelS2

LenelS2 is a global leader in advanced physical security solutions, including access control, video surveillance and mobile credentialing. Our technology includes web-based and mobile applications enhanced by cloud-based services. Incorporating open architecture, LenelS2 provides scalable, unified security management solutions to customers ranging from global enterprises to small- and mid-size businesses. Easy to install and use, LenelS2 products are supported by an experienced, responsive team dedicated to providing exceptional service. LenelS2 serves segments worldwide including corporate, education, healthcare and government. LenelS2 is a part of Carrier Global Corporation, a leading global provider of healthy, safe and sustainable building and cold chain solutions. For more information, visit LenelS2.com or follow LenelS2 on LinkedIn and Twitter.

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Gale Case Studies Launches to Help Higher Education Instructors Bring Social Justice Issues to the Forefront

Gale, a Cengage company, is helping college and university instructors develop and strengthen students’ critical thinking skills around contemporary social justice issues using historical content. Gale Case Studies, a new online instructional tool launched by the company today, provides faculty with teaching resources to help students critically analyze culturally relevant social justice issues through the lens of primary sources on topics such as LGBTQ+, race, political extremism and public health concerns. This new resource promotes the student growth of transferable, 21st century skills through an interdisciplinary approach that fosters the use of primary sources to interrogate social issues and develop inferences for the future. Read the Gale blog about why Gale Case Studies was created.

Organized by topic, each Gale Case Studies module consists of case studies created from a curated set of primary sources. The modules are interdisciplinary and can be used in history, gender studies, sociology, psychology, English or law courses to help students learn how social issues have evolved from people who have experienced the events first-hand. Through a complete case-based learning experience, students and instructors can access case studies, discussion questions and links to curated content in an online learning environment that’s designed with accessibility in mind.

View/download screenshots of Gale Case Studies, here.

What sets Gale Case Studies apart is its guided workflow that seamlessly integrates with learning management systems (LMS). This allows materials to be embedded into students’ learning experience without the need for a separate application, making it easier for instructors to align with course scope and sequence. The online format and wide range of content gives learners a destination to dive into topical issues, prepare for informed, course-related discussions and become more proficient at using primary sources for course projects and research papers.

With Gale Case Studies, librarians and faculty save time developing effective course activities by packaging the relevant primary source content with the case study. By modeling best practices for information literacy for novice researchers, students are able to develop inferences and practice their critical thinking skills with a focused set of primary sources before exploring larger research collections.

Intersectional LGBTQ Issues is the first module released today that offers a closer look at the history of the LGBTQ community and activism in the 20th and 21st centuries. It provides insight into both direct-action efforts such as ACT UP’s demonstration at the St. Patrick’s cathedral, as well as local activism aimed at reversing problematic policies such the anti-crossdressing laws and the lack of documentation about violence against LGBTQ people.

“Archives contain millions of documents which can be quite overwhelming, and sorting through all that material can be difficult and onerous. So, having these little case study snapshots can be a good starting place,” said Danielle DeMuth, Ph.D., associate professor at Grand Valley State University and the editor-in-chief of Intersectional LGBTQ Issues. “Gale Case Studies is an entry point into how important archives are, how we can use them, and how to be curious about what has happened in the past.”

Features and capabilities of Gale Case Studies include:

  • Curated Content: content is carefully chosen by an editor-in-chief and academic instructor who has thoroughly reviewed the case studies for accuracy and teachability.
  • LMS Integration: allows academic instructors to seamlessly upload content into their LMS, creating a streamlined learning experience for students who do not need to leave the LMS to find content. This also makes content compatible for remote teaching.
  • Guided Experience: students are guided through a workflow that models the process of analyzing a primary source beginning with the contextualization of a case study, then evaluates the relevance of curated primary sources, and ends with reflective study questions.
  • Focused Study Questions: discussion questions are provided at the end of the workflow to act as a prompt for students to critically analyze primary sources and topics.
  • Image Viewer: allows users to view the primary sources, such as images, hand-written letters or newspaper articles as they were originally published.

“It’s been said that ‘the past is never dead. It’s not even past.’ To understand today’s social issues, it helps to step back in time and see things from different perspectives. Gale Case Studies primary sources allow students and researchers to author their own interpretations of events past and present. By making comparisons and connections and engaging in dialogue, they can inspire cross-cultural awareness,” said Paul Gazzolo, senior vice president and general manager at Gale. “These rare and compelling primary sources and pedagogical tools are not only timely, but necessary for helping students construct new discourses and develop critical thinking skills.”

For more information or to request a trial, visit the Gale Case Studies webpage.

About Cengage and Gale

Cengage is the education and technology company built for learners. The company serves the higher education, K-12, professional, library and workforce training markets worldwide. Gale, a Cengage company, provides libraries with original and curated content, as well as the modern research tools and technology that are crucial in connecting libraries to learning, and learners to libraries. For more than 60 years, Gale has partnered with libraries around the world to empower the discovery of knowledge and insights – where, when and how people need it. Gale has 500 employees globally with its main operations in Farmington Hills, Michigan. For more information, please visit www.gale.com.

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