Diversification: Second, MOOC providers need to consider the educational needs in various countries and provide diverse options to meet them. Christensen and Alcorn note that students around the world may not be prepared to take most MOOCs, which are academically very challenging. In India, the demand for pre-university and technical certification courses outweighs that for traditional university courses like those offered by Coursera.

Investment. Finally, MOOC providers need to make an investment in India by partnering with local institutions to create courses that are relevant and accessible to the Indian population. This idea was echoed recently in a statement on transnational education by Kerala’s former education minister Mohammed Basheer.

As Indian policy makers gathered to discuss the pros and cons of using MOOCs to improve higher education in Kerala, Basheer emphasized the importance of transnational companies working along with local teachers and universities. He said: “It’s not just the question of internationalization of education.

In this era of globalization, we should also think about the localization of global experiences.” In other words, it’s not just about bringing western-style higher education to the world, but rather about partnerships between local and global forces.

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