Report: Paterno, PSU officials staged 14-year cover-up

The Freh report shook the college sports world.

The independent panel investigating Pennsylvania State University’s role in the Jerry Sandusky child sex abuse scandal has determined that the school’s top leaders, including legendary football coach Joe Paterno, tried to cover up the abuse for 14 years.

Former FBI Director Louis Freeh, who led the investigation, outlined the findings of the panel’s 162-page report in prepared remarks released in advance of a 10 a.m. news conference in Philadelphia.

The report is available at

“The most powerful men at Penn State failed to take any steps for 14 years to protect the children who Sandusky victimized,” Freeh said.

Naming Paterno, former Penn State President Graham Spanier, former Athletic Director Tim Curley and Gary Schultz, a university vice president once in charge of the campus police, Freeh said they “never demonstrated, through actions or words, any concern for the safety and well-being of Sandusky’s victims until after Sandusky’s arrest.”

“Taking into account the available witness statements and evidence, it is more reasonable to conclude that, in order to avoid the consequences of bad publicity, the most powerful leaders at Penn State University Messrs. Spanier, Schultz, Paterno, and Curley repeatedly concealed critical facts relating to Sandusky’s child abuse from the authorities, the Board of Trustees, Penn State community, and the public at large,” the former FBI director said.

Trustees, attorneys for several of Sandusky’s victims and alumni groups said it may take several hours for them to digest the report’s findings before they are ready to discuss them.

The report is the product of a seven-month investigation commissioned by Penn State trustees and is expected to leave its mark on the legacies of top university figures, including legendary football coach Joe Paterno.

A Centre County jury convicted Sandusky on 45 counts of child sex abuse last month stemming from encounters with 10 boys, many of whom were abused on Penn State’s campus. But while the former assistant coach’s trial hung on the often graphic testimony of his accusers, Freeh’s report was supposed to focus on what Penn State administrators could have done — or failed to do — to protect the victims.

Allegations in 2001 from Mike McQueary, a graduate assistant who told Paterno he saw Sandusky molesting a boy in a locker room shower, were at the center of the investigation.

According to grand jury testimony, Paterno alerted Athletic Director Tim Curley and Gary Schultz, then a university vice president in charge of the campus police, to McQueary’s allegations. They in turn told university president Graham B. Spanier.

But in the end, all four men decided against reporting the incident to outside authorities. They would later testify that they were unaware of the sexual severity of what McQueary said he had seen.

Already, evidence uncovered by Freeh’s investigators has called those claims in to question. Portions of an eMail debate between Curley, Schultz and Spanier leaked earlier this month allegedly show the trio had at one point decided upon reporting Sandusky.

The correspondence references a discussion between Curley and Paterno that ultimately changed their course.