The advantages to a flipped classroom are obvious to someone who has done it and difficult to conceive for those who have not. A flipped classroom—a model that has students watching lectures online, outside the classroom, and doing assignments during class time—works quite effectively if viewed from a pedagogical perspective.
It also puts the onus on the students to take responsibility for their learning and negatively impacts grade inflation, because students are much more likely to earn lower grades from an online course simply because they don’t log in regularly or bother completing assignments.
I have been running a flipped classroom for many years. It also gives me online documentation as to what is happening in class with attendance and participation, which I never had in the brick-and-mortar environment.
I began teaching online in 1997 before the days of course management systems. I had to develop my own website to teach online and create the learning experiences for my students totally on my own. Not being a computer programmer or coder, it was difficult, but I learned by doing and by making plenty of mistakes along the way.
Technology has advanced to the point that we now have specialists doing the job I once did on my own: instructional technologists. In many instances, these specialists know a great deal about the tools and technology, but only a select few have experienced the actual classroom to know the human perspective of learning and how students actually learn. It is a rare individual indeed who has taught in the classroom, taught online for more than 10 years, and has honed their technical skills to develop contemporary online learning experiences.
Keeping in mind that I was once a student and that I once taught exclusively in the classroom, I have a better grasp of all perspectives involved, including that of the learner. From my first online course that I taught back in 1997 up until the present day, I feel strongly that the pedagogy/andragogy is the most crucial aspect in terms of providing an enriching and deep learning experience for students.
Reluctant faculty members may not see online learning as a viable approach to teaching or learning in higher education.
I heard one faculty colleague state rather emphatically: “Students cannot, and will never, learn unless they are with me in my classroom – period. They can’t learn without me prodding them and being there to get the information from me personally and without me deciding for them what it is that they learn.”
Talk about an egocentric viewpoint.
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