The product’s launch—attended by hundreds of students, some selected to help train others across the country in the tablet’s use—followed five years of efforts to design a $10 computer that could bridge the country’s vast digital divide.

“People laughed, people called us lunatics,” ministry official N.K. Sinha said. “They said we are taking the nation for a ride.”

Although the $10 goal wasn’t achieved, the Aakash has a color screen and provides word processing, web browsing, and video conferencing. The Android 2.2-based device has two USB ports and 256 megabytes of RAM.

Despite hopes for a solar-powered version—important for India’s energy-starved hinterlands—no such option is currently available.

Both Sibal and Datawind CEO Suneet Singh Tuli called for competition to improve the product and drive prices down further.

“The intent is to start a price war. Let it start,” Tuli said, inviting others to do the job better and break technological ground—while still making a commercially viable product.

As for the $10 goal, “let’s dream and go in that direction. Let’s start with that target and see what happens,” he said.

The students on hand for the product’s Oct. 5 unveiling were well-briefed on the goal of providing tablets for the poor, although most in attendance already had access to computers at home or in their schools.

“A person learns quite fast when they have a computer at home,” said Shashank Kumar, 21, a computer engineering student from Jodhpur, Bihar, who was one of five people selected in his northern state to travel to villages and demonstrate the device.

India, after raising literacy to about 78 percent from 12 percent when British rule ended, is now focusing on higher education, with a 2020 goal of 30 percent enrollment. Today, only 7 percent of Indians graduate from high school.

“To every child in India, I carry this message: Aim for the sky and beyond. There is nothing holding you back,” Sibal said before distributing about 650 of the tablets to the students.


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