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2.Evidence Based Thinking: Empowering students to support or refute ideas, using concrete evidence based on reliable data and findings, is critical to building entrepreneurial skills in students. Even though innovation is prized, the thinking behind new ideas and concepts must also be sound. Critical thinking can be learned. It is a skill that should be included in the learning repertoire of every student, along with an understanding of common fallacies in thinking to avoid (Halpren, 2002). Students must learn how to construct and communicate their positions on issues based on sound data, facts, and sound logic. Teachers who provide such opportunities for their students will commonly use instructional strategies that begin words which encourage critical thinking such as “Confirm”, “Criticize” “Demonstrate” “Question” “Analyze” and “Interpret” in order to give their students the opportunities to develop patterns of evidence based thinking.

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3.Persistence: Persistence (defined as the ability to continue with a task and maintain attention despite setbacks, resistance, or distractions) is key to success in both entrepreneurial and new learning processes. Students today must learn how to carry on with an assigned task and keep focused, despite challenges. A growth mindset, as defined by Carol Dweck (Dweck, 2006), is essential when building persistence in students. Two key instructional strategies that teachers may implement in order to develop persistence in their students are: 1) chunking longer assignments into smaller segments, which enables students to build on a pattern of success; and 2) providing students with choice, which increases their motivation and engagement.

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